Russia Risk Report
Security travel advice for Russia
Threat level: Medium–High
Russia's security and stability may be undermined in the future due to its reliance on the energy sector and its decisiveness with its political affairs globally. Western sanctions and low oil prices have seen the Russian economy shrink in 2015. However with a weak Ruble, it is a lucrative spot for international tourists. With the preparations towards the 2018 World Cup, infrastructure may see improvements, alongside tourism security however it remains a destination to act cautiously in.
2018 World Cup
Russia is set to host the 2018 Football World Cup which expects to see thousands of tourists from all over the world flock to the country. If you would like up-to-date security and risk information for the World Cup, see: Russia 2018 World Cup security advice
Current Security Risk Event
Fourteen people have been killed and at least 50 more injured in an explosion which has hit the St Petersburg metro system on the 3rd of April 2017. Two carriages of the metro were subject to blasts in what is understood to be a suicide bomber carrying out the attack.
The attack took place between Sennaya Ploshchad metro station and Saint Petersburg station. A secondary, larger device has been found within a suitcase on the St Petersburg metro, which was defused.
Recent Security Risk Events
Russia has dealt with some of the most severe terrorist attacks in the developed world for decades, escalating what was a nationalist-separatist insurgency in Chechnya into a widespread multifaceted terrorist dilemma for the country, involving Islamist factions such as recently the Islamic State (ISIS).
The attacks have been indiscriminate over the years; from hostages taken in the thousands at hospitals, schools and large venues such as theatres through to passenger planes being taken down by suicide bombers and devices. There is no sign of recoil by the perpetrators in which they will not just target government establishments, but also civilian residences.
In Febuary 2017 at least two police officers and three suspected Caucasus Emirate militants were killed during a gunfight in Shali, Chechnya.
There have also been clashes between Russian security forces and suspected ISIS militants in Dagestan, on the Russian/Azerbaijan border.
Smart attire may distinguish you from the general tourist, who may be seen as too casual at some destinations. A long black coat and dark shoes are advised in Moscow, to aid blending in.
The crime levels have somewhat improved in Russia in recent times although there are still a number of things to be aware of when travelling this country. You should avoid carrying lots of valuable items wherever possible, instead leaving them in a safe in your accommodation. Police can ask for ID at any time however, so keep this is mind at all times.
In some areas, there have been reports of bogus checkpoints, especially in rural areas. Keep this in mind when travelling away from the main cities in the country and report any suspicious behaviour. One major con is thieves dressing as policemen and issuing fraudulent traffic/speeding fines.
Credit card skimming at ATM points have been known to happen. This can result in your credit card being exploited by third parties. It is advised that you use the guarded hotel ATM machines only or ensure you have sufficient cash for your trip.
Although security is in place at public venues, it is not the most stringent, as with any security measure it can be averted. It is advised that you know where emergency exit points are in public venues and be vigilant at all times.
Practice safety when socialising; do not accept drinks from strangers, previous muggings via drugging have occurred on tourists. Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol can leave you vulnerable, especially if you do not know the area well. Drink in moderation and do not walk home alone.
The country continues to face issues of racism, particularly towards those of Asian or African descent. It is advised that you take extra caution if you plan to travel anywhere outside of central Moscow as there have been a number of previous racially motivated attacks.
Russia's involvement in the disputes within Syria and the Ukraine has heightened the threat towards the country and possibility of retaliatory attacks due to the country's firm political stance. Russia has seen an increase in terrorist activity since its involvement in Syria. Although terrorism and criminal activity has been most prominent in the North Caucasus region, this has extended to threats against the capital Moscow.
There is a state of emergency in Rostov Oblast, and all travel to Chechnya, Donetsk, Ingushetia, Kharkiv oblasts, Dagestan and the districts of Budyonnovsky, Levokumsky, Neftekumsky, Stepnovsky and Kursky in Stavropol Krai is advised against. Some of these areas are known for kidnappings, violent attacks and generally known to be insecure at this time.
The geopolitical situation regarding Russia's Nuclear Military programmes alongside Russia's foreign policy is still developing on a global scale which can, therefore, intensify an already sensitive situation regarding security and both internal/external threats.
Since the Turkish Air Force shot down a Russian jet on November 24th 2015, the relationship between the two countries has been sour to say the least. Also a Russian ambassador was shot by a Turkish police officer in December 2016, in retaliation to Aleppo bombings by Russian forces.
Avoid travelling alone, especially with taxis. Make sure you know where you are going and negotiate confidently if using a taxi service. Keep to a respectful level socially when using the metro, as loudness can be considered as rude, and be cautious of all valuables when using this services. The metro can be an area of risk for pickpockets and robbery.
Religion: Orthodox Christianity
Currency: Russian Ruble
Time zone: Varies between UTC+2 to +12
Time now in Moscow:
There are Visa requirements for entering Russia, it is advised that you apply in advance and seek advice via their visa application service found at VFS Global Russia Visa Application
It is advised that visitors to Russia are up-to-date with primary boosters such as MMR. It is further recommended that most travellers get Tetanus and Hepatitis A vaccinations. You may also want to consider vaccinations for Hepatitis B and Tick-borne Encephalitis.
In some areas of Russia there is a heightened risk of Rabies and Japanese Encephalitis. If you plan to travel to these areas you should vaccinate yourself against these diseases. Check with your local health professional prior to travel if you are unsure.
Other health risks
Travellers bringing medication into Russia are required to present a copy of the prescription - translated into Russian - upon request. This should include the traveller’s name plus the name of the drug and prescribed quantity.
Payment is required before medical treatment can begin. Facilities and resources in rural areas of Russia are limited so you should ensure that you have comprehensive travel insurance in case you have to travel to a destination with more adequate facilities.
US Embassy Moscow
Bolshoy Deviatinsky Pereulok No. 8
Telephone: +7 495 728 5000
Emergency Telephone: +7 495 728 5000
Telephone: +7 12 331 2600 (St Petersburg)
Emergency Telephone: +7 912 939 5794 (St Petersburg)
British Embassy Moscow
Smolenskaya Naberezhnaya 10
Telephone: +7 495 956 7200
Other useful info